Gaziantep University


Atelier - Laboratory
Simulation and Optimization LaboratoryWork Study and Human Factors LaboratoryComputer and Information Technologies LaboratoryProduction Systems Laboratory
General Information

Industrial Engineering (IE) is a diverse discipline concerned generally with the design of production systems, operations management and research (OR), ergonomics, automation, CAD/CAM, quality control, information technology (IT), artificial intelligence (AI) and systems simulation, etc. Industrial engineer analyzes and specifies integrated components of people, machines and facilities to create efficient and effective systems that produce goods and services beneficial to mankind. The IE focuses on "how" a product is made or "how" a service is presented, as well as focuses on the "way" those products and services are made. The goal of IE is improving the "how" and measuring the improvement by using two general criteria: productivity and quality. Since IE deals with the "way" something is done, the IE tools emphasize "methods" of understanding systems. The industrial engineers generally work with tools that emphasize systems analysis and design. Since production systems are found anywhere there is an attempt to provide a service, as well as produce a part, the methodologies of IE are very applicable. IE students take the same foundation courses in other disciplines. They also take some of the basic engineering sciences like engineering drawing, statics, strength etc. They take IE specialty courses in their later years. The IE courses also employ mathematical models as a central device for understanding the systems. The IE students take several manufacturing courses, which deal with manufacturing processes and other courses closely associated with the manufacturing. Therefore, manufacturing industry has and remains a manifest concern of the IE. Since a major component in any production system is people, the IE has also a "person" section. The human aspect is called ergonomics, although elsewhere it is called human factors. The IE deals with systems that are measured discretely, rather than metrics which are continuous, that is one of the most subtle differences between the IE and other engineering disciplines. This emphasis becomes evident in optimization of production systems in that the industrial engineers are sequencing orders, scheduling batches, determining the number of materials handling units, arranging factory layouts and finding sequences of motions, etc. They deal almost exclusively with systems of discrete components. Thus, the IE has a different mathematical culture. The undergraduate students also take courses in probability and statistics. IE specialty courses that follow these include quality control, simulation, and stochastic processes. Computer science and Internet have great potential impacts on the IE, like other engineering disciplines, ranging from simulation to distance education and remote machining. The IE students are always encouraged for team working and preparing good presentations. The students successfully completing their courses are awarded for the degree of Bachelor of Science (B.S.) in the IE. The main slogan of the Department of Industrial Engineering is as follows: "to manage resources effectively, study operations research, to make high quality products in excellent organizations, study production and manufacturing systems, to understand people at work study ergonomics, to excel in the 21st century, be an industrial engineer." Therefore, the undergraduate level of the department is composed of four basic areas;

Basic Enginnering and Economical Sciences: Engineering mathematics, probability, statictics, economy, basic accounting etc.

Operational Research: Includes optimization, decision analysis, stochastic processes and simulation.

Manufacturing and Service Systems: Includes economic analysis, production planning and control, quality control, facilities design and world-class manufacturing, service systems design, integration of manufacturing process usually through computer control and communications.

Ergonomics and Human Factors Engineering: Deals mainly with the human engineering.

The Department of Industrial Engineering also offers courses leading to the degree of Master of Science (M.S) and PhD in the IE. Students with B.S., B.A. or M.S degrees in the IE or a related field can apply to these programs. However, students with a non-IE background may be allowed to extend their course work at the discretion of the adviser and institute. Successful candidates fulfilling the university requirements are awarded for the degree of M.S. or PhD in the IE. Both of the undergraduate and graduate programs of the Department of Industrial Engineering are arranged to encourage the students to become creative, cooperative, interactive and participative.

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